The biggest investment you will make in your lifetime will likely be purchasing a home. So before you close, you need to be sure that that no one else can claim the property.
A title company does all the research to insure that a property has clear title. Making sure that a property is clear of all legal encumbrances is the job of a title company.
For a modest, one-time title insurance premium, you will receive continuous title insurance protection equal to the purchase price of the property or its current market value.
The title company searches the property's title history. Through its research, the title company can almost always identify any title problems that may arise and have these problems cleared-up prior to closing.
Real Estate law is extraordinarily complex. Title companies make sure that all the T's are crossed and all the I's are dotted so you don't end up with a clouded title and legal problems. Your title insurance owner's policy will describe the property and outline any recorded limitations on your ownership. It will also cover what the title insurance company is responsible for. Typically your title insurance will protect you in the following cases:
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