You Credit Score- How's Your FICO?
Because our society is so automated, you're probably not surprised to hear that your creditworthiness boils down to a single number.
This score is created by credit agencies. They use the payment history from your various loans: mortgages, car loans, credit cards, etcetera.
All three major credit reporting agencies (Equifax, Experian and TransUnion) use a slightly different system to arrive at a credit score. The original FICO model was developed by Fair Isaac and Company.
Experian uses this model and calls its score FICO. Equifax's model, based on FICO, is called BEACON, while TransUnion, which also uses a slightly modified FICO, calls its score EMPIRICA. While each of the models considers a range of data available in your credit report, each agency uses the following to calculate a score:
- Your Credit History - How long have you had credit?
- Late Payments - Do you have any payments later than 30 days?
- Credit Card Balances - How many accounts do you hold, and how much do you owe?
- Credit Inquiries - How many times have you had your credit checked for a loan?
These factors are assigned weights based on the formula being used. The result is one number. FICO scores can be as low as 300 and as high as 800. Higher is always better. Most people who want to get a mortgage these days score 620 or above.
Your credit score greatly affects your monthly payment
Credit scores are used for more than just determining whether or not you qualify for a mortgage. Lenders give lower interest rates to individuals with higher scores.
Can I raise my credit score?
What can you do to improve your FICO score? Unfortunately, not much. So called "credit repair" companies advertise quick fixes, but the score is calculated from your lifelong credit history, so you can't turn it around right away. (Of course you must remove incorrect data on your credit report.)
Getting your FICO score
Before you can improve your score, you must obtain your score and make certain that the reports from each agency are correct. Fair Isaac has created a web site (www.myFICO.com) that lets you do just that. It's inexpensive to get your FICO from all three agencies, along with your credit report. They also provide information and tools that can help you analyze what actions might have the greatest impact on your FICO score.
You can get a free credit report once per year from the three major credit reporting agencies by visiting AnnualCreditReport.com. You won't get a free credit score from AnnualCreditReport.com, but getting one is fast and very inexpensive.
Now that you have all the facts, you will be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to get the most favorable mortgage.
Want to know more about your credit score? Give us a call: 954.920.9799.