How's your FICO Score?
Since we live in an computer-driven society, it's not surprising that your ability to repay your mortgage loan boils down to a single number.
Credit reporting agencies use your payment history to compile a FICO score.
Experian, TransUnion, and Equifax, the three major credit agencies, each have their own proprietary formula for building your credit score. The original FICO was developed by Fair Isaac and Company.
While Experian still calls its score "FICO", TransUnion calls its score "Beacon" and Equifax uses "Empirica." While each of the models considers a range of data available in your credit report, all of the agencies use the following to build a score:
- Your Credit History - Have you had credit for many years, or for a short time?
- Payment History - Do you have a history of late payments?
- Balances on your Credit Cards - How many accounts? How much do you owe?
- Requests for Credit - How many times have lenders pulled your credit report for the purpose of lending you money?
These factors are weighted differently depending on which formula the agency uses. The results are added up and distilled into a single number. Credit scores can be as low as 300 and as high as 800. Higher is better. Most folks getting a mortgage these days have a score above 620.
Your score affects your monthly payment
FICO scores affect more than your ability to get a loan. They also affect your interest rate. Higher scores indicate you are a better credit risk, and thus may qualify for a better mortgage rate.
Raising your credit score
Unfortunately, there isn't a lot you can do to immediately improve your credit score. Because the score is entirely based on a lifetime of credit history, it is difficult to change it quickly. (Of course you must remove incorrect data on your credit report.)
Getting your FICO score
In order to raise your FICO score, you've got to have the credit reports that are used to build it, and of course, you need the score itself. Fair Isaac has created a web site (www.myFICO.com) that lets you do just that. For a reasonable fee, you can quickly get your FICO score from all three reporting agencies, along with your credit report. Also available are helpful information and online tools that help you analyze what actions might have the greatest impact on your FICO score.
You can get a free credit report once per year from all three agencies by visiting AnnualCreditReport.com. You won't get a free credit score from AnnualCreditReport.com, but getting it is fast and very inexpensive.
Armed with this information, you'll be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to get the most favorable mortgage.
Curious about your credit score? Call us: 954.920.9799.