Scoring your Credit - How's your FICO?
Since we live in an automated society, it's not surprising that your ability to repay your mortgage boils down to just one number.
This score is created by credit agencies. They use the payment history of your various loans: credit cards, mortgages, car loans and others.
All three major credit agencies (Equifax, Experian and TransUnion) use a slightly different system to arrive at a score. The original FICO was developed by Fair Isaac and Company.
While Experian still calls its score "FICO", TransUnion calls its score "Beacon" and Equifax uses "Empirica." While each of the models considers a range of data available in your credit report, the differences aren't huge; each agency uses the following factors in building a credit score:
- Your Credit History - How long have you had credit?
- Payment History - Do you have any payments later than 30 days?
- Credit Card Balances - How many credit card accounts do you have, and how much do you owe?
- Inquiries on Your Credit - How many times have you had your credit checked for a loan?
These factors are weighted slightly differently depending on which formula the agency uses. Each formula produces a single number which may vary a a little by agency. Credit scores range from 300 to 800. Higher scores are better. Most folks who want to get a mortgage score 620 or above.
Credit scores make a big difference in interest rates
Did you know? Credit scores are used for more than just determining whether or not you qualify for a mortgage. Lenders give lower interest rates to individuals with higher scores.
Improving your score
Unfortunately, there isn't a lot you can do to immediately improve your credit score. So called "credit repair" companies advertise quick fixes, but the score is built on your lifelong credit history, so you can't turn it around right away. (Of course you can and should appeal incorrect items on your credit report.)
Know your FICO
To improve your credit score, you've got to obtain the reports that the agencies use to build it, and of course, you need the score itself. Fair Isaac has created a web site (www.myFICO.com) that lets you do just that. It's inexpensive, fast, and easy to get your credit score as well as reports from all three reporting agencies. Also available are helpful information and tools that help you understand how to improve your FICO score.
You can get a federally-mandated free credit report once per year from the three major credit reporting agencies when you visit AnnualCreditReport.com. You won't get a free credit score from AnnualCreditReport.com, but getting it is quick and inexpensive.
Armed with this info, you will be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to obtain the right mortgage for you.
Want to know more about your credit score? Give us a call: 954.920.9799.