Scoring your Credit - How's your FICO?
Since we live in an automated society, it's not surprising that your ability to repay your mortgage comes down to a single number.
The years of paying your various bills: your mortgage, vehicle payments, and credit card bills are analyzed, sliced, spindled and mutilated into a single indicator of whether you're likely to meet your future obligations.
TransUnion, Equifax, and Experian, the three major credit agencies, each have their own proprietary formula for building a credit score. Fair Isaac and Cooriginally developed this score. .
While Experian still calls its score "FICO", TransUnion calls its score "Beacon" and Equifax uses "Empirica." While each of the models considers a range of data available in your credit report, all of the agencies use the following to determine your credit score:
- Credit History - Have you had credit for many years, or for a short time?
- History of Payments - Have you paid more than 30 days late?
- Credit Card Balances - How many accounts do you carry? How much do you owe?
- Inquiries on Your Credit - How many times have you had your credit checked for a loan?
Each of these is assigned a value and a weight. The result is a single number: your credit score. Credit scores can be as low as 300 and as high as 800. Higher is better. Most people getting a mortgage in the current environment have a score above 620.
Not just for qualifying
Credit scores are used for more than just determining whether or not you qualify for a mortgage. Lenders give lower interest rates to individuals with higher scores.
Can I raise my FICO score?
Is it possible to raise your FICO score? Because the credit score is entirely based on a lifetime of credit history, it is difficult to significantly improve the score with quick fixes. (Of course you must appeal incorrect items on your credit report.)
How do I find out my FICO score?
In order to raise your credit score, you must have the credit reports that are used to build it. Of course, you need the score as well. Fair Isaac has created a web site (www.myFICO.com) that lets you do just that. It's inexpensive, fast, and easy to get your credit score as well as credit reports from all three reporting agencies. Also available are helpful information and tools that can help you improve your credit score.
You can get a federally-mandated free credit report every year from all three credit reporting agencies at AnnualCreditReport.com. These reports do not include a free score, but it's very inexpensive to get one at the same time.
Now that you have all the facts, you will be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to obtain the most favorable mortgage.
Curious about credit scores? Give us a call at 954.920.9799.